Foot and Ankle - Injury Tips

Prevention

  1. Wear the correct shoes for your particular activity.
  2. Wear hiking shoes or boots in rough terrain.
  3. Don't continue to wear any sports shoe if it is worn unevenly.
  4. The toe box in “steel-toe” shoes should be deep enough to accommodate your toes comfortably.
  5. Always wear hard-top shoes when operating a lawn mower or other grass-cutting equipment.
  6. Don’t walk barefoot on paved streets or sidewalks.
  7. Watch out for slippery floors at home and at work. Clean up obviously dangerous spills immediately.
  8. If you get up during the night, turn on a light. Many fractured toes and other foot injuries occur while attempting to find one’s way in the dark.

In Case of Injury

If an injury or accident does occur, you should seek immediate treatment from a podiatric physician.  If you are not able to reach your podiatrist right away, there are some helpful first steps you can take.

Remember RICE

  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Rest. Cut back on your activity, and get off your feet if you can.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Ice. Gently place a plastic bag of ice, or ice wrapped in a towel, on the injured area in a 20-minute-on, 40-minute-off cycle.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Compression. Lightly wrap an Ace bandage around the area, taking care not to pull it too tight.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Elevation. Sit in a position that you can elevate the foot higher than the waist, to reduce swelling and pain.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Switch to a soft shoe or slipper, preferably one that your podiatrist can cut up in the office if it needs to be altered to accommodate a bulky dressing.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">For bleeding cuts, cleanse well, apply pressure with gauze or a towel, and cover with a clean dressing. It's best not to use any medication on the cut before you see the doctor.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Leave blisters unopened if they are not painful or swollen.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Foreign materials in the skin, such as slivers, splinters, and sand, can be removed carefully with a sterile instrument. A deep foreign object, such as broken glass or a needle, must be removed professionally.
  • class="MsoNormal" style="MARGIN: 0in 0in 0pt; mso-margin-top-alt: auto; mso-margin-bottom-alt: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list .5in">Treatment for an abrasion is similar to that of a burn, since raw skin is exposed to the air and can easily become infected. Cleansing is important to remove all foreign particles. Sterile bandages should be applied, along with an antibiotic cream or ointment.

Information Courtesy of The American Podiatric Medical Association